Commercial and Residential House of Baker Leopold Mizera

Date 1934
Architect Miroslav Lorenc
Code Z14
Address Rašínova 72, Zlín
Public transport Public transport: Dlouhá (TROL 2, 4, 5, 8; BUS 33, 35, 36, 38)
GPS 49.2270314N, 17.6683978E

The first plans of the architect Miroslav Lorenc representing the house for the baker Leopold Mizera are dated February 1934. In May of the same year the construction company of Bohumil Zámečník started the construction, and by mid-December the house was finished. The speed, so typical for company housing, also affected construction outside the Baťa company. The entire Rašínova Street, where the house is located, changed at a hectic pace.
The three-storey building with a flat roof has a reinforced concrete structure, with brick masonry infill. Similar to the other houses built for Zlín entrepreneurs, there are business rooms on the ground floor, and there are three residential units on the upper floors. The house has a rectangular layout, which is extended on the west side by a courtyard, where the bakery and dormitories intended for Mizera's employees were located.
The simply divided façade is characterised by large glass storefront on the ground floor, with a generous rectangular advertising strip above stretching along the entire length of the façade and equipped with a subtle awning. In the 1930s, two premises with separate entrances operated here. Next to Leopold Mizera's bakery, the neighbouring store was used by Vilém Bagač, a jeweller and watchmaker. The façade of the residential floors features two four-part windows set in cladding made of light glazed tiles, unusual in the Zlín context. 
The internal layout of the house is interesting because of the location of the office, which was connected to the pastry shop, with the apartment on the first floor, reached by a spiral staircase located on the edge of the layout. Apparently it opened directly into the owner's apartment. A similar connection also appeared in the house of the butcher Červinka built on Náměstí Míru in 1931. The three-room apartment on the first floor had a kitchen with a pantry, a bathroom, and a cloakroom with a hall, the same layout repeated on the second floor. On the top floor there was a two-room apartment with service rooms as well as a laundry room with a dryer. 

During the second half of the 20th century, the house served its original purpose. Food was still sold in the former bakery, this time under the management of the Pramen national company. The displays and interior equipment were gradually replaced. The housing units were expanded with a separate apartment in the former dormitories in the yard. Apart from the commercial parterre, which is already irretrievably destroyed, the house of the baker Mizera is in a relatively well-preserved condition, with the original cladding on the façade and the same division of the windows. The building is an example of a high-quality building in the functionalist style, and it still gives a good representation of Miroslav Lorenc's design work in the 1930s. Currently, the house is owned by a private company and awaits complete renovation.